Ambitious plans to create 127 hectares of new grasslands and woodlands around the southern portal of HS2’s Chilterns tunnel have been enabled by an innovative solution to reuse the waste chalk slurry generated during the tunnel’s construction.
Two giant tunnel boring machines (TBMs) will spend three years boring out 2.6 million cubic metres of chalk beneath the hills to create the new high speed rail network’s 10-mile long twin bore tunnel. The chalk cut away by the 170-metre long TBMs will be mixed with water before being pumped out as slurry back along the tunnel to its entrance.
Slurry from boring the tunnels will be processed on site at a construction base just inside the M25 motorway – avoiding the need to transport the waste off site for reprocessing elsewhere.
Once out of the tunnel, the chalk and water slurry will be separated on site in a giant, purpose-built slurry treatment plant (pictured) where it will be pressed through ever-finer filters until all the water is removed to leave behind a dry chalky “cake”.
One of the key challenges the separation process faces is preventing the thickening slurry from clogging up the filtering machinery. Working with its supplier MS, that has delivered the slurry treatment plant, HS2’s civils contractor Align opted to use a polymer specifically developed to be effective with Chilterns chalk, which will enable the entire separation process to happen in around a week.
After which the chalk cake will be used to deliver HS2’s Colne Valley Western Slopes project – part of its Green Corridor programme to re-establish the locally distinctive chalk valley landscape and create the right growing conditions for calcareous grassland across the site.
The initiative will be a major contributor in helping HS2 meet its carbon reduction targets by delivering significant ecological gain in the Colne Valley, reducing road haulage, and enabling habitats to sequester carbon by replacing arable land with natural habitats. Almost 65,000 trees and shrubs comprising of 32 species will be planted together with nearly 3.5km of new hedgerows. Around 90 hectares of chalk grasslands will be created and areas of historic woodland reinstated.
HS2 innovation manager, Rob Cairns said: “This brilliant innovation reduces the logistics operation to manage this waste product – helping HS2 to meet our ambition to reduce carbon emissions in construction by 50%. In addition, it means this slurry can be used to support the creation of 127 hectares of valuable new habitat, a key part of HS2’s fantastic Green Corridor plans.
“Anybody who remembers classroom blackboards knows that chalk is dusty, so to avoid that and carry the freshly-cut loose chalk to the surface safely it’s mixed with water at the cutter head,” says Nick Podevyn, innovation manager for HS2 contractor, Align. “However, the scale of the project demands an innovative solution to deal with the 4.5 million cubic metres of waste slurry that will be extracted over the next three years,” he added.
Photo credit: HS2 Ltd