The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, has issued a dire warning that an entire Tube line could close if the Government does not grant Transport for London (TfL) the emergency and long-term funding he says it needs to maintain the capital’s transport services. The current emergency funding deal with the Government expires on 11 December.
Before the pandemic hit, the Mayor says he had reduced the TfL deficit he inherited by 71 per cent, increased the cash balance by 13 per cent, cut running costs year on year and was on track to reach a net operating surplus – all while freezing fares and introducing the Hopper bus fare. However, TfL has to raise 72 per cent of its operating income from fares, whereas it is only 38 per cent in New York or Paris. When the pandemic hit, passenger numbers fell by 95 per cent. This had a devastating impact on TfL’s finances.
The Mayor has already outlined how failure to provide enough operational and capital funding for TfL means it won’t be long before London transport will be forced to move into a ‘managed decline’, potentially leading to run-down services reminiscent of the 1970s and 80s.
In practice, this could mean more than 100 bus routes being withdrawn and less frequent Tube timetables on a number of lines and branches, with more overcrowding despite the ongoing importance of social distancing. Without additional Government support, deteriorating public transport services and an increase in road and tunnel closures would cause wide-spread disruption and gridlock across the capital and put the national economic recovery at risk.
Such is the scale of savings that could be required, TfL is even having to look at going further and potentially closing a whole Tube line. Analysis shows that closing a line, despite delivering savings, would have a devasting effect on passengers – including for the millions of national rail passengers coming into London each year – so neither TfL or the Mayor would not want to countenance such a step.
TfL says it has already been making every efficiency saving it can to try to save services, cutting annual running costs by £1bn over the last five years. Pre-pandemic, TfL was on track to deliver £1.4 billion a year of recurring savings since 2016, with £1bn of those already secured. Pre-pandemic it was on course to return an operating surplus for the first time, in 2022/23. It has also reduced the number of staff it employs by 14 per cent since 2015/16, from 31,200 to 26,800. But the unprecedented financial crisis caused by the pandemic has caused such damage that even this is not enough. Unless the Government provides funding certainty, yet more cuts and damaging measures will need to be implemented.
This stark picture was painted by the Mayor at his Centre for London speech on Tuesday (November 30), during which he urged business leaders, policy makers and local government leaders to join him in making the case to the Government that TfL needs to be funded properly.
To ensure that TfL can continue to play its vital role in the recovery, he says £500m in operational support will be needed from the Government through to the end of the financial year 2021/22, and around £1.2bn will be needed for the financial year 2022/23. Beyond that, TfL needs sustainable capital investment, which every major transport network around the world requires to improve transport. London’s transport network dates from the 19th century and is therefore in need of constant investment even just to keep it running safely and reliably.
A release from the Mayor’s office says London contributes £36.1 billion pounds a year more to the Treasury than the Government spends in London. That money goes to fund services, including public transport in the rest of the country. TfL investment and its supply chain currently also supports 43,000 jobs across the country, with 55p of every pound spent on London Underground by TfL going outside of London. All this is at risk if TfL is starved of funding, with already aging Bakerloo line trains (the oldest in use in the country) forced to stay in service for decades longer, bus electrification going on hold, and train maintenance being deferred.
Speaking at the Centre for London, the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, will say: “I agree with the Government and Mayors across the country when they say other regions should have “London-style” transport services.
“But the irony is that a failure to provide enough operational and capital funding for TfL means that it won’t be long before London itself will no longer have “London-style” transport services.
“Instead, we’ll be forced to move into managed decline – leading to run-down services reminiscent of the 1970s and 80s.
“This is no exaggeration.
“If the Government continues to starve TfL of funding, bus services would have to be reduced by almost a fifth, and Tube services would need to be cut by nearly 10 per cent.
“In practice, this could mean more than 100 bus routes being withdrawn and less frequent Tube timetables on a number of lines and branches. TfL is even having to look at potentially closing a whole Tube line to achieve the savings it may need to make.
“And that’s not all.
“There would also be an increase in road and tunnel closures due to a lack of money to maintain London’s key transport infrastructure.
“This combination of deteriorating public transport services and an increase in road and tunnel closures would cause wide-spread disruption and gridlock across the capital.
“Not only would this have a devastating effect on passengers, but it would put the national economic recovery at risk.
“Because there can be no national economic recovery without a London recovery, and there can no London recovery without a properly funded public transport network in the capital.
“On 11 December, the existing temporary funding deal between TfL and the Government comes to an end.
“So it’s time to remove short-term political thinking and to come together to call on the Government to provide the long-term funding TfL urgently needs.”
Responding to the news Jo Field, President of Women in Transport said: “At Women in Transport we were disappointed to find out that due to uncertainty around long term funding, Transport for London (TfL) may have to enter a phase of managed decline in an attempt to balance its books.
“The Covid pandemic has put huge financial strain on TfL services which has meant they have needed government support and will continue to need to support in the coming years, in common with every other major transport network around the world.
“Transport should be seen as a solution to the impacts of the pandemic, boosting economic growth and creating jobs. Women are a large pool of untapped potential currently only making up 20% of the transport workforce in the UK. With the right measures and funding we can unlock this potential, creating skills and new opportunities targeting women, such as returners programmes which our own research shows are successful in attracting women into the workforce. This is especially important as we recover from the pandemic, as data shows women have been hardest hit by the pandemic.
“We recognise the need for levelling up but it should not be at the cost of the excellent progress and example of London. We therefore urge the government to listen to TfL, supply it with the funding it needs, and view our transport networks as the route out of the pandemic rather than a constant drain of resource.”
Photo credit: Transport for London